Hormones are chemical substances that carry messages from cells to other cells within the human body. Each hormone in the body performs its own functions, as GH stimulates size of body and bones. Luteinizing hormone causes the release of eggs from the ovaries in females. Calcitocin decreases the blood level, and causes calcium to leave the blood and enter bones. T4 and T3 hormones control body metabolism rate and productions of ATP. TSH Thyroid stimulation hormone influences growth and activity of the thyroid gland. Insulin causes body’s cells to absorb glucose from the blood. Estrogen hormone is secondary female sex characteristics and controls menstruation cycle in females. Progesterone maintains lining in the uterus in females.
Hormone replacement menopause therapy is used to supplement the hormones that the female body is no longer capable of producing. Estrogen influences the use of calcium by the body which is an important ingredient of the bones; it also helps in keeping the vagina healthy. Both these hormones thicken the lining of the uterus and preparing it for fertilization. As women near menopause the ovaries reduce the production of these important hormones that cause hot flashes and can lead to medical conditions like osteoporosis. Hormone replacement menopause therapy relieves some of these symptoms and helps in preventing osteoporosis.
There are two types of hormone replacement therapy, Estrogen therapy and progesterone/progestin hormone therapy. In Estrogen therapy estrogen is taken alone. Doctors may prescribe a low dose of estrogen to be taken one pill per day. Estrogen may be advised as a cream. Patient should take low dose of estrogen to prevent osteoporosis. In progesterone hormone therapy combine dose of estrogen and progesterone is taken. Estrogen and a lower dose of progesterone can be given continuously to prevent the regular, monthly bleeding can occur when combine HRT is used. This prescription is used for short time period and is reevaluate each year.
Women who have had their ovaries or uterus removed, do not need to take progesterone. That’s why there are two ways in which hormone replacement menopause therapy is administered. In one way only estrogen is given and in the other both estrogen and progesterone are given. But the type of therapy is selected after examining the woman and getting her medical history. Should a woman hide her medical history from the doctor, she can have serious medical problems during the therapy.
Use of HRT reduces the risk of various conditions that can affect postmenopausal woman, such as osteoporosis and bowel cancer. Long term use of hormone replacement therapy menopause should be asked by the doctor, if he/she thinks it good for woman health.