Testicular cancer, also called hodenkrebs in German, affects approximately 4,000 males in Germany at the moment. This represents 1.6% of all cancers among guys in the country. As opposed to the vast majority of other cancers, many cases of testicular cancer arise between the ages of 25 to 45 years old. Testicular cancer is easily the most common malignant tumor among guys in this age bracket. It could arise on one or both testicles. The good news is, testicular cancer has one of the highest survival rates of all cancers, in excess of 90%; effectively 100 % if it has not yet metastasized to other areas of the body. Just like many forms of cancer, early detection is essential to have a much better prognosis.
Hodenkrebs anzeichen One of the first manifestations of of testicular cancer is a lump or swelling in the testes, which can be painful or not painful. Many agencies say that men should do testicular self-examination monthly, especially if they have a family history of cancer. Other hodenkrebs symptome you should look out for are sharp pain or dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin, and a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum. Others have also reported breast enlargement, possibly because of the release of -hCG hormone. Lumbar pain may also be experienced if the tumor has already spread to the lymph nodes along one’s back.
Diagnosis Imaging studies are frequently utilized to find out the size, location, and characteristics of the lump, as well as the extent of the disease. The differential diagnosis of this kind of cancer needs a histological examination of the tissue obtained from the surgical incision of the testis and its attached structures. In some cases, when a diagnosis of testicular cancer is uncertain, the physician may perform a biopsy during surgery. If a suspicious tissue is discovered, a small piece of this tissue is removed and immediately examined by a pathologist. If cancer is found, the testicle and spermatic cord are removed, but if there are no cancer cells found, the testicle is returned to the scrotal sac.
Treatment Cure for testicular cancer may involve surgical treatment, and adjuvant treatment in the form of chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Treatment options could cause infertility, so if you desire children down the road, you should look at sperm banking prior to submitting yourself for treatment.
Just like any kind of cancer, recurrence and metastases are not uncommon in testicular cancer. Even though, there is less than 5 percent potential for cancer recurring on the remaining testis, it is still essential that those who have undergone treatment submit themselves for a regular medical evaluation.